Breastmilk is the best for babies. The World Health Organisation recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life. Unnecessary introduction of bottle feeding or other food and drinks will have a negative impact on breastfeeding. After six months of age, infants should receive age-appropriate foods while breastfeeding continues for up to two years of age or beyond. Consult your doctor before deciding to use infant formula or if you have difficulty breastfeeding.​

Healthy Variety on the child's plate

Babies need a diet that meets its current energy and nutrient requirements. So you can create a food plan that your child does well and tastes.

Healthy varieties on the child’s plate

Every child needs a diet that can meet its current energy and nutrient requirement. You can create a food plan that your child likes to eat

Baby food will see its end when your child reaches the 10th month of age with 3 main meals and 2 small snacks for your child daily. This enlarged food selection often raises questions from parents on what food they should eat with their child. Will it be enough? Does it get the nutrients it needs for an ideal development? But if you eat a varied and healthy family meal daily, you can set a good example and encourage your child to try the new dishes.

The below shows the recommended intake of the children by their age group


 Recommended number of servings^ per day
 6 months (181 days) - 12 months1-2 years3-6 years7-12 years13-18 years
Brown Rice and Wholemeal Bread1-22-33-45-66-7
Fruit½½ - 1122
Meat and Others
Of which are diary foods or calcium containing foods


^For Babies aged 6 months – 12 months, their diary foods or calcium-rich foods servings should be provided in the form of 750ml milk


Examples of a serving

Food GroupNumber of Serving /DayEmample of 1 Serving
Brown Rice and Wholemeal Bread5-7
  • 2 slices bread (60g)
  • ½ bowl* rice (100g)
  • ½ bowl noodles or beehoon (100g)
  • 4 plain biscuits (40g)
  • 1 thosai (60g)
  • 2 small chapatis (60g)
  • 1 large potato (180g)
  • 1½ cup plain cornflakes (40g)
  • 1 small apple, orange, pear or mango (130g)
  • 1 wedge pineapple, papaya or watermelon (130g)
  • 10 grapes or longans (50g)
  • 1 medium banana
  • ¼ cup*** dried fruit (40g)
  • 1 glass pure fruit juice (250ml)
  • ¾ mug** cooked leafy or non-leafy vegetables (100g)
  • ¼ round plate+ cooked vegetables
  • 150g raw leafy vegetables
  • 100g raw non-leafy vegetables
Meet and Others2-3
  • 1 palm-sized piece fish, lean meat or skinless poultry (90g)
  • 2 small blocks soft beancurd (170g)
  • ¾ cup cooked pulses (e.g. lentils, peas, beans) (120g)
  • 5 medium prawns (90g)
  • 3 eggs (150g)++
  • 2 glasses milk (500 ml)
  • 2 slices of cheese (40g)



If it was based on body weight, children need more water when compared with adults.

6 glasses of 100 millilitres of water should be distributed across the day for child consumption on a daily basis

Suitable forms of liquid: water, unsweetened herbal and fruit teas

Fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables provide important sources of vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals.

Use varieties of it. E.g. In salads, sandwiches or just as a snack

You can include peas, legumes and beans into your child’s diet every once a week (pureed as porridge or soup)

Whole wheat bread

Grain products should be made with at least half from whole grains. Caution: do not feed whole grains by itself

What toddlers should consume in moderation:

Milk and dairy products

300-330 millilitres of milk or milk products that are distributed into 3 servings daily

The high calcium content from the milk helps to contribute to a better bone health in your child. Some children’s milk will contain both vitamin D and calcium for normal growth and development of bones together with iodine, which is important for the thyroid function.

Fish and eggs

These are the important suppliers for vitamins and minerals, iodine and omega-3 fatty acid

It is best to include 1-2 servings of it on the menu throughout the week


Contain iron, zinc and B vitamins.

Choose meat alternatives that are from the low fat varieties

Fatty food

Fat provides twice as much energy as carbohydrates and protein

Vegetable fats and oils contain vitamins and essential unsaturated fatty acids

You could use olive oil, soybean oil, sunflower oil or rapeseed oil for child consumption when preparing food

Sugar-rich foods

Delivers a lot of energy but little nutrients

Food that should be avoided completely

Strongly flatulent foods (e.g. Legumes) unless your child is able to tolerate it well

Fatty meat

Small and hard food (E.g. nuts or raisins) which may increase the risk of suffocation

Heavily salted or spicy dishes

That’s a lot of information to absorb at once. But do not worry, change the habits slowly. You do not even have to change your shopping and eating habits overnight. Give yourself and your family time for every child eats differently. Be proud that you can contribute with your knowledge on healthy nutrition for your family and for the future health of your child.


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