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The check-ups during pregnancy are exciting and beautiful moments. Read on, to look through the processes of your pregnancy and the development of your baby. We will tell you the details.

At every check up


 Blood Pressure   This is to ensure that you do not develop pre-eclampsia                 
Urine test

Test for presence of protein which may indicate


Kidney problem

Urinary tract infection

Test for the presence of sugar which may indicate

Gestational diabetes

Weight To determine maternal nutrition



Scans from week 6-12

Dating scan


To determine that the foetus is in the correct location

To see the baby’s heartbeat

To estimate the due date


Full blood count


Offered at the first prenatal visit


This test screens for:

  • Low blood count
  • Thalassaemia (the formation of abnormal haemoglobin, a common genetic blood disorder in Singapore)


Low-blood counts often caused by a lack of iron due to inadequate intake or the increased demands during pregnancy.


Hepatitis B antigen screening


Offered to perform this screening at the first prenatal visit.


Hepatitis B is a virus that infects the liver.

Many people may not develop any symptoms when they are infected.


Hepatitis B can be passed on to the baby at birth. If you are tested positive, your newborn will be given the Hepatitis B vaccine and Hepatitis B Immunoglobulin (HBIG) within the first 12 hours of birth to prevent him from getting infected.


Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test


Offered at the first prenatal visit


To test for Syphilis (a sexually transmitted disease that can cause birth defects and can be passed to your baby through the placenta during pregnancy)

Syphilis can be treated with antibiotics



Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) test


Offered at the first prenatal visit


HIV can be spread to a baby during pregnancy, labour and delivery.


The risk of your baby being infected will be greatly reduced if detected early, for appropriate treatment and to improve the mother’s health.


German Measles (or Rubella) antibody screening


Offered at the first prenatal visit


To test your immunity to German measles but has no impact on your current pregnancy.



If you got infected with German Measles during the first four months of your pregnancy, your baby is at risk of having serious birth defects such as hearing loss and heart defects.


It is encouraged to go for vaccination after delivery to protect your future pregnancies.


Blood grouping and rhesus status and antibody testing


To check if the mother develops antibodies (facilitates to get blood during emergency situations)

Anti – D injection offered at 28th, 34th week of pregnancy and after delivery if the father is tested rhesus positive 

To prevent the mother from the development of antibodies

Reduces risk of haemolytic disease (a condition that can lead to anaemia, jaundice and heart failure) in future babies while in the womb or newborn.


Nuchal Translucency (NT) measurement


Done at 11th to 14th week of pregnancy

Measures the thickness of the fluid-filled area at the back of the baby’s neck


Maternal serum screening


Conducted at 15th- 20th week of pregnancy


The mother’s blood is measured for:

  • AFP (alphafetoprotein)  
  • HCG (human chorionic gonadotrophin),
  • Substances produced by the baby
  • The placenta


A higher risk of having a baby with Down syndrome when pregnant mothers have a low AFP level and high HCG levels.


Combined Test



Test performed at 11th – 14th week of pregnancy (in first or second trimester)

Combination test of nuchal translucency and maternal blood test


A positive result is not a representative that your baby has Down syndrome. It is an indicative that the risk is high and it is advisable to do further confirmatory tests as follows:


Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)

  • Done at about 10th – 13th week of pregnancy
  • Biopsy of the placenta that may be done through the vagina and abdomen
  • 1% risk of miscarriage
  • Also test for other genetic problems



  • Involves the withdrawal of amniotic fluid from the amniotic sac
  • Performed under ultrasound guidance
  • Conducted during 15th – 20th week of pregnancy
  • 0.5 – 1.0% risk of miscarriage


Thyroid Function Test

As advised by the doctor

To test for thyroid disorder

Maternal colonisation with Group B Streptococcus (GBS)


As advised by the doctor

Pregnant women (35 and 37 weeks gestation)

Vaginal and rectal swab

Week 18-22

You will be scheduled for a detailed ultrasound scan during this period to ensure that your baby is developing well with no major physical defects. However, some defects and abnormalities can be unnoticeable during the ultrasound scan. It is advisable to conduct these scans and tests to be able to early detect any abnormalities. You may also wish to find out the gender of your baby, if you can’t wait to know if you will be having a baby boy or baby girl to prepare the necessities for the arrival of your child!

Postnatal checks

You will usually be advised by your doctor to schedule a postpartum check-up 4-6 weeks after your delivery. Your weight, blood pressure, breasts and genital organs will be checked and examined to ensure your recovery. Pap smear, a simple procedure to detect for any abnormal cells in the cervix will also be performed. This is also a good opportunity to consult your doctor regarding any difficulties faced when adapting to life with your baby or with regards to birth control, and also about the ideal exercises for you. 

Download AptaAdvantage App today, your one-stop Parenting app to enjoy:

  • Educational content to support you on your motherhood journey
  • Various complimentary classes and exclusive discounts with our key enrichment partners


Kickstart your AptaAdvantage experience by signing up HERE.


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